Relive the Queen’s wedding day as she married Philip
Husband and wife: Prince Philip and Princess Elizabeth leave the Abbey
On July 9, 1947, Buckingham Palace announced the engagement of Princess Elizabeth, 20, along with Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, 25. Although rationing and fuel shortages bombarded post-war Britain, most were agreed that their wedding would provide a well-needed increase to the country. Here, to indicate the 70th anniversary of the couple we rebuild.
From her second-floor bedroom window in amazement, Princess Elizabeth appears in Buckingham Palace. In the dawn light she can see hundreds of individuals under blankets over the Mall and all. All night it has been raining, and also there is a mild drizzle decreasing.
At Kensington Palace where he is staying in his grandma Victoria’s flat, Elizabeth’s fiancé is being brought a cup of tea by his own valet John Dean, who thinks he looks cheerful and relaxed.
An air exclusion zone banning aircraft from flying within 3 miles of Trafalgar Square comes into effect. If people, bombsites still derelict from the war happen to be wrapped up along the road injure themselves rising on rubble and the walls to see the procession.
Sewage pipes and telephone, electricity and water manholes along the road from Buckingham Palace to Westminster Abbey are being rigorously vetted by members of Special Branch.
When the sewer inspections are complete, their findings will be sent to the Water Board’s ‘Inspector of ‘ Flushing’.
Norman Hartnell, who’s designed the wedding gown of Elizabeth, arrives at the Palace. He and his supporters have only a couple of hours to groom the bride and her bridesmaids. It took the group of 350 dressmakers of Hartnell to make the ivory silk satin dress.
His workroom windows were painted with whitewash, to stop the Press minding photographs , and the floor was slept on by his manager to deter break-ins.
The dress has been discussed in Cabinet. Labour Prime Minister Clement Attlee wrote to Buckingham Palace expressing concern the silk could come from a country that has been a enemy of Britain.
The Palace replied testily that the apparel ‘comprised silk out of silk worms that were Chinese, but stitched Scotland and Kent. The wedding contains silk produced by Kentish silk worms and woven into London.
The going-away apparel contains five or four yards of Lyon silk which was not imported but was part of the inventory held from the dressmaker under license.
Rousing send-off: Best guy David Milford Haven (left) and bridesmaid Pamela Mountbatten (second right) cheer the newlyweds
Hartnell pointed out sarcastically that, although the silk worms were Chinese, they were Nationalist silkworms, not Atomic (China was then caught up in a protracted civil war). The apparel has been covered in seed pearls brought in from the United States.
When Hartnell’s helper was requested by customs officers at London Airport if he had anything to announce, he said in hushed tones: ‘Yes, 10,000 pearls to the wedding gown of Princess Elizabeth!’
Preparations are being made at Westminster Abbey. A red carpet was placed along the nave (second-hand to save money) and vases of white lilies, chrysanthemums, roses, carnations and variegated ivy are positioned either side of the High Altar.
2 decades back, the Abbey seemed really different. To safeguard the building from bombs, each of its stained glass has been assessed around the Coronation Chair had been taken to Gloucester Cathedral and over 60,000 sandbags stacked around the imperial tombs.
Along the wedding course, anyone who moves the plantations spreading sand is being cheered by the audience. Their caps are raised by the sandmen in reaction.
For the past couple of times, Elizabeth and Philip’s 2,583 wedding gifts have been on display at St James’s Palace. In among the pricey things are gifts from members of the general public from around the world, including 500 tins of lemon from the individuals of Queensland, a Hoover, a bathroom sponge, an automatic potato peeler, 76 handkerchiefs, 30 scarves and 148 pairs of stockings and 16 nightgowns. burgundy lace bridesmaid dresses
A grand piano has been delivered by the RAF.
Items are not going. As Elizabeth’s veil is paired, the fringe tiara breaks. There is A taxi summoned to carry an aide across London to your jeweller. Subsequently someone realises the double string of pearls that the King and Queen gave his daughter for a wedding gift is nowhere to be found.
Crowds are currently 50 deep along the Restaurant, and Trafalgar Square is overflowing with people, conversing and swapping cigarettes and sandwiches.
‘The solidarity of the Blitz was here again,’ wrote a Daily Mail reporter. Boy Scouts selling official programmes are cooperating with the audiences and rosette sellers and roast chestnut sellers do a roaring trade. Troops line the route .
Wish me luck Philip depart
Frank Taylor, the Conservative candidate at the Gravesend by-election has been hauled six days’ time, has made a decision to call off his canvassers and loudspeaker sockets between 11am and 1pm, ‘to prevent disturbing housewives listening to the wedding broadcast’.
After a fitting of ten minutes and one hour, Princess Elizabeth is within her wedding gown. Luckily a courtier has remembered that the missing pearls are on screen together with all the other gifts at St James’s Palace, so Jock Colville, the Princess’s private secretary, is charged by regaining them. ‘Take any vehicle!’ Elizabeth calls after him.
Colville dashes into the courtyard, opens the doorway of a Daimler and yells, ‘To St James’s Palace! ” To the driver. A tall figure gets from the trunk. ‘By all means shoot my vehicle, but do let me get out,’ says King Haakon of Norway.
A bunch of reporters outside Kensington Palace get a surprise since Philip’s cousin and best guy, David Milford Haven, stands outside through the gates on his bicycle. ‘I am choosing a breath of fresh air!’ He informs the press men that are astonished.
Jack Colville yields to Buckingham Palace with all the missing pearls. It took him some time to persuade the detectives guarding the wedding presents at St James’s Palace to hand the rings over — only after they found his name in the programme did they think his story.
In Kensington Palace, Philip is dressed in his naval uniform on which is trapped the insignia of the Order of the Garter, according to him from the King the day ahead, along with the Greek Order of the Redeemer.
Today is the first day for a non-smoker, having promised his bride, who is worried about the nicotine addiction of his father, George VI, that he would stop. But her betrothed does fortify himself with a gin and tonic.
Philip’s three sisters have not been invited to the wedding as they wed Germans, some of whom had connections to the Nazis. His sisters have delivered him a wedding gift of a gold pencil with their names engraved on it.
It wasn’t Philip’s household that originally concerned the King and Queen when considering him as a future husband for his eldest daughter, but his politics.
Earlier in the season he had a heated conversation with the Queen that he afterwards had to write to apologise, saying he expected she didn’t think him ‘violently argumentative along with also an exponent of ‘ socialism’.
BBC radio policy begins with the chimes of Big Ben and then correspondent Frank Gillard begins his commentary from his position outside Buckingham Palace.
Pictured: Philip and the Queen outside Westminster Abbey
‘The pavements are still damp, but it is an hour since we’ve had rain. The temperature has gone up and it is almost a spring afternoon — this kind of relief to the great audience which has been waiting for hours throughout the evening.’
To catch the sounds of this afternoon, the BBC has set up 55 boosters across the road from the Palace to the Abbey.
At Kensington Palace, Philip is shaking hands with all the staff, such as — for fortune — that the Palace chimney sweep who is standing proudly with his own brushes and sticks. Philip asks for tea and coffee to be routed out to the reporters awaiting the gates.
Even the Queen and chief bridesmaid, 17-year-old Princess Margaret, leave Buckingham Palace in the Glass Coach — the first trainer of this procession.
Philip and his best man, David Milford Haven, are in a vehicle on their way to the Abbey. They’ve realised that there is a threat they might accidentally wear each other Navy caps, because they are equal — and if Philip wore David’s, it could protect his ears. They’ve put a large ink mark inside David’s cap to inform them.
The limousines carrying the King’s mother, Queen Mary, along with other guests begin to reach the Great West Door. BBC correspondent Richard Dimbleby clarifies Queen Mary as a ‘tall, regal figure, and she walks slowly in, in her lovely dress of aquamarine’.
It’s the gathering of European royalty since prior to the outbreak of war in 1939. Crown Princess Juliana of the Netherlands appears at her fellow monarchs in dresses and uniforms only recently from storage, and says: ‘Everybody’s jewellery is really dirty!’
A number of those less monks have been helped with lodging and their traveling expenses by the Royal Family and their wedding invitations came together with guidance about.
Philip and David Milford Haven arrive at the Poets’ Corner entrance to the Abbey. Yesterday, in Addition to awarding him the Order of the Garter, the King created Philip the Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich.
The service-sheets on the seats and pews of the Abbey were printed before these modifications, so he’s described only as ‘Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten RN’.
The Mail’s reporter from the Abbey, editor Frank Owen, can see no trace of nerves on Philip’s face: ‘He talks casually to Milford Haven, strokes his brow and looks around with deliberate appraisal …’
The Irish State Coach carrying out the King and Princess Elizabeth leaves Buckingham Palace with an escort from the Household Cavalry. The coach windows have been treated with the material so that they won’t steam vague and up cheering onlookers’ perspectives of their trainer’s famed occupants.
Though it is unknown to most people, the King is severely ill. In the past couple of months he’s lost a whole lot of weight and, he is suffering from lung cancer and arteriosclerosis, although it has yet to be diagnosed.
Wedding fever: Onlookers waiting overnight on the road to get the perspectives of the trip of Princess Elizabeth to Westminster Abbey
The audience rushes to get a look at the bride. Frank Gillard explains the scene to his BBC radio audience: ‘There she goes, some lovely figure sitting towards the best of this King. An sight to lift the center vanish down into the grey of this November day.’
Riding on the back of the trainer is Elizabeth footman, Cyril Dickman. She’d invited Cyril for a portion of the congregation in the Abbey however, the Sergeant Footman, his manager, had advised him ‘No, you are on duty and you’ve got to go about the carriage!’
Winston Churchill, now the leader of the Opposition, is located at the Abbey and everyone in the congregation, including European royalty, extends to their feet. 1 notable absentee is that the bride’s uncle, the Duke of Windsor — that, as Edward VIII, abdicated 11 decades ago. His spouse, Wallis, is not welcome at the Palace and the Queen will not meet with the Duke.
Today the Duke and Duchess are in New York where they’ve made no remark regarding the Press.
Reaches on Trafalgar Square, the audience scarves, wave hats and handkerchiefs. A number of them have cardboard telescopes to watch over the heads in front. An camera flash-bulb lights up the gloom.
The King and Princess Elizabeth arrive at the Abbey’s Great West Door and are flanked by the Abbey clergy. Watching from her position over the roof of the Deanery is Mrs Wilcox, Who’s a guest of the Dean of Westminster.
Feeling chilly, she decides to go inside and gets her way and into the Abbey.
She’s delighted by the opinion she has of this service, although Mrs Wilcox is amazed that no one has ceased her.
To some fanfare along with the hymn Praise, My Soul, The King Of Heaven the bride enters the Abbey on the arm of her dad.
Tiers of joy: In Edinburgh, the chief confectioner at McVitie & Price interrupts the 9ft-tall cake
They’re followed by the bridesmaids as well as the two five-year-old pages carrying the 15ft train, Prince Michael of Kent and Prince William of Gloucester.
Philip, waiting beneath the steps to the High Altar, turns towards Elizabeth and smiles.
The King wrote to his daughter afterwards: ‘I had been happy and thrilled at getting you close to me on our long walk in Westminster Abbey. But when I passed you to the Archbishop, I believed that I had lost something very valuable.’
Among the Princess’s bridesmaids is Pamela Mountbatten, Louis and Edwina’s daughter. She had feared that she would not be able to leave India where her dad, the last Viceroy, would be overseeing the bomb of India.
They’ve brought along with them a gift from India independence leader Mahatma Gandhi — some lace that himself summoned.
‘This type of indelicate present,’ Queen Mary said when she watched it, believing it had been a loincloth. ‘What a horrible thing.’
In his sound-booth, high in the nave, Wynford Vaughan-Thomas is supplying the radio commentary for the BBC. Two hundred thousand people around the world are currently listening to the wedding service.
The King hasn’t given permission for its service to be — the processions to and from the Abbey, so audiences have the sound of Vaughan-Thomas’s radio commentary.
At Buckingham Palace, staff have put a radio by an open window so the audience near the gates can listen to the service.
As Princess Elizabeth claims to ‘love, cherish and mind until death us do part’, ‘ Queen Mary dabs her eyes with a handkerchief.
Philip then puts a ring on Elizabeth’s finger that was created from exactly the identical nugget of Welsh gold where the Queen’s ring has been created for her wedding at the Abbey in 1923.
An inscription that has been engraved on the inside of the ring, that has been to get the eyes of Elizabeth only was wrote by Philip.
Having said their promises, Elizabeth and Philip move to the altar. The measures are caught on by the rail on her wedding gown. Person and the King bend down to launch it.
Founded in his best frock-coat, playwright and actor Noel Coward is delighted to have such a fantastic chair — he is in the fourth row.
Philip and the Queen leaving Westminister Abbey in the coach after their wedding ceremony
Coward is a friend of the Royal Family and has been a guest at a party at Buckingham Palace on Tuesday to celebrate the wedding. It was a joyful occasion — that the King even led a conga .
Though it had been a trial of her endurance, Queen Mary enjoyed too. She wrote in her diary: ‘I stood from 9.30 until 12.15am!!! Not bad for 80.’
Coward is finding the support. ‘Language tradition at its finest,’ he would write later.
After the vows and prayers are finished, the Archbishop of York, Dr Cyril Garbett, climbs into the Abbey pulpit for the sermon. He had been dismayed at the possibility of preaching today.
‘For an unmarried person, I have an inferiority complex about this,’ he wrote to the Archbishop of Canterbury, who in the end wrote that the sermon for him.
‘Notwithstanding the splendour and national significance of the ceremony in this Abbey, ” Dr Garbett reads, ‘ ‘it is in all essentials the same as it would be for almost any cottager who are married this afternoon in some little country church in a remote village in the Dales.
‘The same vows are taken; the exact prayers are provided; and also the exact blessings are awarded.’
The signing of this register is Happening in St Edward’s Chapel behind the High Altar. The King is still on the verge of tears.
He tells that the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Geoffrey Fisher: ‘It’s a far more moving issue to give your daughter off than to be married’
Then-Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh within an official wedding photograph
The bride, groom and witnesses sign the register using a gold, quill-shaped pencil presented for the event by the Chartered Institute of Secretaries.
As the Abbey organist plays Mendelssohn’s Wedding March, the newly-weds start to wander towards the fantastic West doorway, hand in hand.
As she moves her parents, then Princess Elizabeth drops a profound curtsey to her dad and mother then to Queen Mary. They bow in return.
Those could see that the King and Queen had not anticipated this gesture that is moving.
Elizabeth and Philip walk slowly past the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior and after that afternoon, at the petition of Elizabeth, the Dean will lay her bouquet on the grave.
Still standing from the Great West Door is the Mrs Wilcox. She can not believe her luck because the most famous couple in the world walk by her.
‘I might have touched them as they passed,’ Mrs Wilcox wrote afterwards to a friend.
There is a roar from the audience as Elizabeth and Philip leave in the Glass Coach. ‘There are smiles on every face,’ says the BBC’s Richard Dimbleby.
The cars begin to reach the Abbey to collect the marriage guests. Twelve year-old King Faisal II of Iraq, dressed in a blue suit, walks over to admire the horses of the Household Cavalry.
Then-Princess Elizabeth and Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten announcing their engagement at Buckingham Palace in London